Digital Disruption


CEP is determined to end extremists’ misuse of social media platforms to spread terrorist propaganda, radicalize and recruit new members, and incite others to violence. CEP has launched a variety of initiatives to highlight the dangers of online extremist activities to counter this threat.

Social Media Company Campaigns

CEP was the first nongovernmental organization to formally call on social media companies, in particular Twitter, to take immediate action to stop extremists from weaponizing their networks.

CEP’s primary focus has been on Twitter due to its ‘gateway’ function into extremists’ wider social media networks. Vulnerable individuals are initially exposed to extremist content and extremist recruiters on Twitter’s easily accessible platform. Recruits are then invited to interact with jihadists on other message boards and private messaging platforms.

Anwar al-Awlaki Online

CEP is also concerned about the presence of radical American cleric and propagandist Anwar al-Awlaki’s content on social media, particularly YouTube, and his influence on homegrown extremists.

Speaking to the New York Times on December 18, 2015, CEP CEO Ambassador Mark D. Wallace expressed concern that al-Awlaki’s lectures and extremist videos have “inspired countless plots and attacks.” Enrique Marquez Jr. and Syed Rizwan Farook, one of the shooters in the December 2, 2015 San Bernardino massacre that killed 14, spent hours listening to al-Awlaki’s lectures and poring over directions on making explosives in the AQAP magazine al-Awlaki helped create, Inspire, according to the criminal complaint against Marquez. Al-Awlaki was directly in contact with Fort Hood shooter Nidal Hasan (2009) and underwear bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (2009). Al-Awlaki inspired Times Square bomber Faisal Shahzad (2010) and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev of the Boston Marathon bombings (2013).

There is a clear, direct link between al-Awlaki’s teachings and terror. Social media companies, especially YouTube, must take action to permanently remove all of al-Awlaki’s videos.

To view the profile of al-Awlaki on CEP’s Global Extremist Registry, click here.

To view Anwar al-Awlaki’s Ties to Extremists, click here.

To view the USA Today op-ed click here.

To view the Fox News op-ed, click here.

Fast Facts: Anwar al-Awlaki on YouTube

  • “Anwar al-Awlaki jihad” yielded 6,510 search results as of September 28, 2016.

  • “Anwar al-Awlaki” yielded 61,900 search results as of December 18, 2015, and then yielded 68,200 results as of September 28, 2016.

  • On the first page of hits based on a simple search for “Anwar al-Awlaki” reveals “Anwar al-Awlaki - Battle of The Hearts and Minds” (video), an hour-long polemic demonizing the United States.

  • YouTube’s features like search, autofill, and recommendations has served to expose users to al-Awlaki and his extremist content.



In October 2014, CEP launched #CEPDigitalDisruption to identify, expose, and report the profiles and accounts of extremists on Twitter, Facebook, YouTube,, and other social media networks. CEP monitors profiles in multiple languages, including English, Arabic, French, Italian, German, and Turkish.

Sign our petition to join CEP President Fran Townsend and CEP CEO Ambassador Mark Wallace as well as the CEP community in holding Twitter accountable.

Sign the Petition

CEP has proposed five specific steps for social media companies like Twitter to undertake:

  • Trusted Reporting Status:

    Social media companies should grant trusted reporting status to government and groups like CEP to swiftly identify and ensure the expeditious removal of extremists online.

  • Streamlined Reporting:

    The reporting process online is long and cumbersome. A more accessible reporting protocol should be added for users to report suspected extremist activity.

  • Clear, Public Policy on Extremism:

    America’s leading tech companies should adopt a policy statement that extremist activities will not be tolerated.

  • Transparency:

    When one of the most influential and pro-ISIS Twitter accounts, ShamiWitness, was publicly revealed to be an Indian businessman it shook the cyber-jihadi network. He immediately stopped his online jihad. Twitter and other social media companies should reveal detailed information – including the names of the most egregious cyber-jihadis. The most egregious cyber-jihadis do not deserve an anonymous platform to from which to spew hate and incite terror and murder.

  • Proactive Content Monitoring:

    At this time, many social media sites only monitor and remove content that has been reported to them. Instead, each should spearhead internal efforts to find content and remove it without relying on the public to police the platform for them.

CEP U.S. Congressional Testimony

CEP’s CEO Ambassador Mark Wallace has testified before U.S. congressional committees on several occasions where he called on social media companies, especially Twitter, to combat online radicalization, recruitment, and incitement to violence.

Testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs’ Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade, January 27, 2015 “The Evolution of Terrorist Propaganda: The Paris Attacks and Social Media”

For the full testimony, click here.

Testimony before the National Security Subcommittee of the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, October 28, 2015 “Radicalization: Social Media and the Rise of Terrorism”

For the full full testimony, click here.

For the full video, click here.

CEP's Digital Disruption in the News


December 5, 2016

Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Twitter on Monday announced they had joined forces in an attempt to curb explicit terrorist imagery online. The move follows criticism from Brussels that big US social media groups have made insufficient effort to...


December 5, 2016

Google, Facebook, Twitter and Microsoft have pledged to work together to identify and remove extremist content on their platforms through an information-sharing initiative. Earlier this year Hany Farid, the computer scientist who helped develop...


December 1, 2016

According to press reports Abdul Razak Ali Artan’s terror rampage was memorialized in a Facebook posting in which the terrorist cited ISIS as his motivation, and the YouTube sermons of Anwar al-Awlaki as his inspiration. Last June I issued an urgent...


November 22, 2016

The tragedy of online radicalisation can no longer be denied. While Facebook, Twitter and others take down prohibited content, the current process is slow, user dependent, often quite random, and temporary. Given the sheer volume of content uploaded...


November 20, 2016

Hany Farid wants to clean up the Internet. The chair of Dartmouth’s computer science department, he’s a leader in the field of digital forensics. His hallmark project is PhotoDNA, which detects child pornography as the images are posted online. Now...


November 16, 2016

As governments and societies around the world grapple with the increasing threat posed by extremism, it is increasingly evident that counter-extremism efforts require the engagement of a multitude of actors across society. Working to help tackle...


November 11, 2016

CEP Advisor and Dartmouth College Computer Science Professor Dr. Hany Farid, in a special interview with Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper, discusses eGLYPH, the technology he developed with CEP that can that can automatically detect and remove extremist...


November 3, 2016

Military-oriented videos have been the bedrock of IS propaganda, but the group’s ability to govern once featured heavily as well — on average accounting for one-fifth of the media analyzed by Milton and a quarter of IS videos reviewed in separate...


October 17, 2016

Western governments have criticised social media platforms including Facebook, YouTube and Twitter for being slow to stop the spread of terrorist material. But few critics have as much technical expertise as Hany Farid, a professor of computer...


September 13, 2016

This article in the German publication Die Welt, describes eGLYPH, a technology developed by CEP and Dartmouth College Computer Science Professor Hany Farid that can automatically detect and remove extremist images, videos and audio, from platforms...

Daily Dose

Extremists: Their Words. Their Actions.

In Their Own Words:

God forbid, if a time comes when we have no choice but to watch our citizens breathe their final breaths, and when there are no ventilators… we will make six million Israeli settlers unable to breathe.

Yahya Sinwar, Leader of Hamas in Gaza Apr. 2, 2020
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CEP on Twitter