Twitter personality “Oum Haarith” is a propagandist for ISIS. Purportedly a young woman living in ISIS-held territory, Haarith uses Twitter as a platform to broadcast her life under ISIS’s rule.Oum Haarith, Twitter, accessed June 15, 2015, https://twitter.com/OumHaarith. She has encouraged Twitter followers to perform what she and other jihadists refer to as hijrah (migration), an Islamic term employed by jihadists to encourage relocation and foreign fighting. In her Twitter feed, Haarith advocates migration to ISIS-held territory.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 18, 2015, 6:22 p.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600426238516338688.
Haarith’s tweets appear aimed at giving her followers the sense that women in ISIS lead a social and (from her perspective) idyllic lifestyle. Haarith’s Twitter feed is populated with pictures of desserts and snacks.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 20, 2015, 7:37 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600988623526297601; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 20, 2015, 2:44 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600915010366414848; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 19, 2015, 10:23 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600668122014687232. She also frequently references other female friends and members of ISIS.Oum Haarith, Twitter, accessed June 15, 2015, https://twitter.com/OumHaarith. Many of Haarith’s tweets are publicized in tandem with Twitter cohorts “JustMuhajirah”Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 25, 2015, 7:25 a.m.,, https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/602797747209695234. and “Ghareeba” (@AlMuhajiraah07).Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 25, 2015, 12:37 p.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/602876246029119488. The three accounts often allude to each other, and each personality claims to engage in activities with the others such as eating and baking.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, June 11, 2015, 7:10 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/608954330142633984.
In addition to marketing life in ISIS territory, Haarith frequently quotes extremist ideologues, including deceased al-Qaeda founders Osama bin LadenOum Haarith, Twitter post, May 23, 2015, 1:20 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/601981088358080512. and Abdullah Azzam.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 23, 2015, 12:05 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/601962132813516800. Haarith frequently propagates hate against kuffar (nonbelievers), purporting to do so in the name of Islam.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 21, 2015, 7:29 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/601349106620112896. She also advocates a culture of death and martyrdom.Oum Haarith, Twitter post, June 3, 2015, 8:04 p.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/606250117671342081. In Haarith’s Twitter description, she labels herself “Zawzjatu Shaheed,” widow of a martyr.Oum Haarith, Twitter, accessed June 15, 2015, https://twitter.com/OumHaarith; “ISIS Members Advertise Marital Status On Twitter,” Middle East Media Research Institute, June 3, 2015, http://www.memrijttm.org/isis-members-advertise-marital-status-on-twitter.html.
While Haarith writes largely in English, she has occasionally posted in DutchOum Haarith, Twitter post, May 18, 2015, 2:27 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600185805399846912; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 18, 2015, 2:24 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600185274719670273. and referenced the Netherlands,Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 22, 2015, 11:38 p.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/601955454609141760; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 23, 2015, 10:53 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/602125312537849856; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 19, 2015, 1:05 p.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600708792343461888. leading CEP to believe that Haarith may have come to ISIS-held territory from Holland. On Twitter, Haarith claims to operate out of ISIS-held Raqqa, Syria.Oum Haarith, Twitter, accessed June 15, 2015, https://twitter.com/OumHaarith; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 21, 2015, 4:20 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/601301621713305601; Oum Haarith, Twitter post, May 20, 2015, 2:44 a.m., https://twitter.com/OumHaarith/status/600915010366414848.