Anwar al-Awlaki’s Ties to Extremists

U.S.-born al-Qaeda extremist Anwar al-Awlaki has for years served as a radicalizing figure for U.S. and European extremists. On September 30, 2011, Anwar al-Awlaki was targeted and killed in a U.S. drone strike in Yemen. Nonetheless, his lectures online have continued to inspire Westerners to terror, both before and after his death.

In the Counter Extremism Project’s online resource, Anwar al-Awlaki’s Ties to Extremists, CEP has counted 99 extremists—56 U.S. extremists and 43 European extremists—with ties to Anwar al-Awlaki. Profiles of these individuals—including details on the individuals’ ties to Anwar al-Awlaki—are included here. Click on the thumbnails below to learn more.

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U.S. Homegrown Radicals with Ties to Anwar al-Awlaki

Anwar al-Awlaki served as director of external operations for al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). He was the first U.S. citizen targeted in a U.S. drone strike (September 30, 2011) due to his role in taking the “lead in planning and directing efforts to murder innocent Americans,” according to President Barack Obama.

Awlaki has inspired numerous homegrown extremists to commit acts of terror. Omar Mateen—perpetrator of the deadliest gun attack on U.S. soil—had watched Anwar al-Awlaki videos, according to one witness in a July 2014 FBI investigation. Syed Rizwan Farook, one of the shooters in the December 2, 2015, San Bernardino massacre that killed 14, had reportedly spent hours alongside neighbor Enrique Marquez listening to Awlaki’s lectures and poring over directions on making explosives. Awlaki was in close contact with Fort Hood shooter Nidal Hasan (2009), underwear bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (2009), and thwarted suicide bomber Minh Quang Pham (2012). Awlaki has reportedly inspired Times Square bomber Faisal Shahzad (2010) as well as Dzhokhar Tsarnaev of the Boston Marathon bombings (2013), New York/New Jersey bomber Ahmad Khan Rahami (2016) and Ohio State attacker Abdul Razak Ali Artan (2016).

Among its profiles of Americans arrested for attempting to join jihadist groups or carry out domestic attacks, the Counter Extremism Project (CEP) has documented 56 cases in which Awlaki’s radicalizing influence was a key factor. He has also inspired countless others around the world via his online materials to join al-Qaeda, al-Shabab, and ISIS. Even after his death, Awlaki’s ideology and lectures continue to influence, propagandize, and incite to violence.

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Extremists: Their Words. Their Actions.

Fact:

On September 20, 2020, Taliban militants ambushed a security checkpoint in Uruzgan, Afghanistan. The attack killed at least 24 members of the Afghan security forces.  

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