Iran

Iran-Backed Houthis Suspected Of Ballistic Missile Attack At Yemen

On January 18, 2020, ballistic missiles struck a mosque at the al-Estiqbal military camp in Marib, killing at least 116 people in what was reportedly one of the deadliest attacks in Yemen’s civil war. Although there was no immediate claim by the Houthi rebels, Yemen’s government condemned the Iran-backed extremist group for the attack. Two days later, government forces engaged Houthi rebels east of Marib and killed senior Houthi commander Jaber Al Muwaed. Attempts at any conflict resolution have made little progress since the Houthis began invading the country in 2014. Iran has historically supported the Houthi rebels with funding, training, and weapons, with some Yemeni officials believing Iran’s support has been ongoing since the Houthi uprising in 2004.

Hezbollah’s Influence in Lebanon

The Iranian-sponsored Lebanese terror group Hezbollah has grown militarily and politically despite U.N. resolutions and international agreements demanding its disarmament. In coming parliamentary elections May 6, Hezbollah will attempt to further increase its political power. CEP's new resource, Hezbollah's Influence in Lebanon, traces the group's history from its guerrilla origins into an organization that has permeated Lebanese society and threatened regional and international security.  

Militias Beholden to Iran Complicate Future of Iraq

CEP released updated resources on three of Iraq's most powerful Shiite militias, part of a government sanctioned umbrella group that is heavily funded by and beholden to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Several of the groups have fought extensively on Iran's behalf in Syria. 

Give UNIFIL Some Teeth

The U.N. Security Council recently renewed the mandate of the U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), the international peacekeeping force that has been present in Lebanon since 1978. Under pressure from the United States, the Security Council...

The Best of Frenemies

"The enemy of my enemy is my friend," goes an ancient proverb. New common enemies in today’s Middle East might not turn old foes into friends, but they may at least create a détente, allowing adversaries to join together against larger threats.

One example: The United...

CEP Releases New Resources on Iraq’s Extremist Shiite Militias

As the Iraqi army suffers setbacks in its battle against ISIS, Shiite militias, anti-American and anti-Sunni, have become a key element in Iraq's military strategy. CEP profiles three of the most powerful Shiite militias, the Badr Organization, Asaib Ahl al-Haq (AAH), and Kata’ib Hezbollah (KH).

Balochistan: Nationalist Movement at Risk From Three Sides

After more than 10 years as a failed nationalist movement, the now fragmented Baloch insurgency in Pakistan is likely to be taken over by Sunni militias. Supported by Saudi Arabia and Pakistan in an effort to further antagonize Iran’s eastern front, skirmishes among Baloch insurgents...

Chances of Another Hezbollah-Israeli War Unlikely

A January 18 Israeli airstrike on a Hezbollah convoy in Syria left six dead, including a senior Iranian general who had been advising the Syrian military. The strike had been in response to Syrian rocket fire within the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights. Hezbollah responded 10 days later with a...