Mohammed Badie is the official supreme guide of the Muslim Brotherhood. (Since Badie’s arrest in August 2013, Mahmoud Ezzat has acted as the temporary supreme guide.) On March 16, 2015, an Egyptian court sentenced Badie and 13 other Muslim Brotherhood members to death after they were found guilty of planning attacks against Egypt. The court found that the men had set up an “operations room” to plot attacks against the state in the wake of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi’s July 2013 ouster. “Muslim Brotherhood leader Badie sentenced to death in Egypt,” BBC News, March 16, 2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-31914964. The death sentence was overturned in December 2015, with an Egyptian court ordering a retrial.“Egypt court cancels death sentence of Muslim brotherhood head,” Business Standard (New Delhi), December 3, 2015, http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/egypt-court-cancels-death-sentence-of-muslim-brotherhood-head-115120300813_1.html.
The supreme guide (Murshid), also called the Supreme Guide, is the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s primary leader. Badie was elected by the Shura Council -- a 100-member voting body -- in January 2010. Maggie Michael, “Judges resign from trial of Muslim Brotherhood officials,” Times of Israel, October 29, 2013, http://www.timesofisrael.com/judges-resign-from-trial-of-muslim-brotherhood-officials. As the Murshid, Badie oversaw the 15-20 member Guidance Office (Maktab al-Irshad.) Eric Trager, "The Unbreakable Muslim Brotherhood: Grim Prospects for a Liberal Egypt," Foreign Affairs, 90 (2011): 114. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/68211/eric-trager/the-unbreakable-muslim-brotherhood. He was also responsible for assigning duties to various Brotherhood leaders.
Badie was largely responsible for making decisions concerning political maneuvers and strategies during the Freedom and Justice Party’s existence.Matthias Gebauer, Daniel Steinvorth, and Volkhard Windfuhr, “Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood: Who Really Holds the Reigns in Egypt?” Der Spiegel, December 12, 2012, accessed May 30, 2014, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/president-mohammed-morsi-and-his-ties-to-the-muslim-brotherhood-a-872214.html. Egyptian national television showed meetings in which President Morsi greeted Badie by kissing his hand, a gesture common among Brotherhood members to show obedience to a higher leader.Matthias Gebauer, Daniel Steinvorth, and Volkhard Windfuhr, “Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood: Who Really Holds the Reigns in Egypt?” Der Spiegel, December 12, 2012, accessed May 30, 2014, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/president-mohammed-morsi-and-his-ties-to-the-muslim-brotherhood-a-872214.html. Some suggest that Morsi’s presence was predominantly commercial, while Badie truly held the power.Matthias Gebauer, Daniel Steinvorth, and Volkhard Windfuhr, “Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood: Who Really Holds the Reigns in Egypt?” Der Spiegel, December 12, 2012, accessed May 30, 2014, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/president-mohammed-morsi-and-his-ties-to-the-muslim-brotherhood-a-872214.html.
Date of Birth
Aug. 7, 1943
Place of birth
El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Egypt
Place of residence
In Egyptian prison with life-sentence
Mohammed Badie May 18, 2014
“We have fought only against the Jews, and Kamel Al-Sharif may testify about the conduct of the Muslim Brotherhood in the  war in Palestine. We fought against the Jews.“Muslim Brotherhood Leader Muhammad Badi's Day In Court: We Fought Only Against The Jews, Not Against The Egyptian People,” MEMRI, May 21, 2014, http://www.memri.org/report/en/0/0/0/0/0/0/7996.htm.
Mohammed Badie Oct. 2012
“It is time for the Muslim [nation] to unite for the sake of Jerusalem and Palestine after the Jews have increased the corruption in the world…Zionists only know the way of force.”“2012 Report on International Religious Freedom,” U.S. Department of State, May 20, 2013, http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2012/frontmatter/208112.htm.
Assets frozen by Egyptian government on July 16, 2013.“Asset Freeze for Islamist Leaders Goes into Action,” Egypt Independent, July 16, 2013,
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