Siamand Mashhadani was an alleged general of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ elite Quds Force (IRGC-QF),“US confirms bombing Iraq’s Shia Kata’eb Hezbollah militia after rocket strike at base near Baghdad killed 2 troops,” RT News, March 13, 2020, https://www.rt.com/usa/482986-iraq-bombing-us-retaliation-taji/. a U.S.-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization responsible for Iran’s proxy conflicts in the Middle East.“Anti-Terrorism Designations,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, March 27, 2012, https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/OFAC-Enforcement/Pages/20120327.aspx.
On March 13, 2020, Mashhadani and four other IRGC-QF members were purportedly killed in a U.S.-led airstrike that was carried out in retaliation for the deaths of two U.S. service members and a British soldier in a rocket attack on Camp Taji on March 11, 2020.Seth J. Frantzman, “Was Iranian IRGC General 'Siamand Mashhadani' killed in US airstrikes?,” J Post, March 13, 2020, https://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Was-Iranian-IRGC-General-Siamand-Mashhadani-killed-in-US-airstrikes-620862. The retaliatory airstrikes targeted five weapons storage facilities in Jurf al-Nasr, al-Musayyib, Najaf, and Alexandria used by Kata’ib Hezbollah (KH), an Iranian-backed militia in Iraq.Rebecca Kheel, “Top general: Iran threat 'remains very high' after US strikes on proxy militia in Iraq,” The Hill, March 13, 2020, https://thehill.com/policy/defense/487417-top-general-iran-threat-remains-very-high-after-us-strikes-on-proxy-militia-in.; Jack Detsch, “Pentagon retaliates after deadly Iran-backed strikes on US troops,” Al-Monitor, March 13, 2020, https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/03/pentagon-retaliate-iran-backed-strike-us-troops.html. Mashhadani reportedly played a role at the headquarters of the 46th and 47th KH brigades of the Popular Mobilization Forces, an umbrella group for the Iran-backed Iraqi militias.Seth J. Frantzman, “Was Iranian IRGC General 'Siamand Mashhadani' killed in US airstrikes?,” J Post, March 13, 2020, https://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Was-Iranian-IRGC-General-Siamand-Mashhadani-killed-in-US-airstrikes-620862?utm_source=+U.S.+Strikes+Iran-Backed+Militias+In+Iraq&utm_campaign=eye-on-iran&utm_medium=email.; Phillip Smyth, “Making Sense of Iraq's PMF Arrests,” Washington Institute, April 26, 2019, https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/making-sense-of-the-arrests-within-iraqs-pmf.