Muhsin al-Fadhli

Muhsin al-Fadhli was the reported leader of Khorasan.Mark Mazzetti, Michael S. Schmidt and Ben Hubbard, “U.S. Suspects More Direct Threats Beyond ISIS,” The New York Times, September 20, 2014, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/21/world/middleeast/us-sees-other-more-direct-threats-beyond-isis-.html?_r=0. He was killed in a U.S. airstrike in Syria on July 8, 2015.Associated Press, "Senior al-Qaida figure, Muhsin al-Fadhli, killed in US air strike in Syria, officials say," Guardian, July 21, 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/22/senior-al-qaida-figure-muhsin-al-fadhli-killed-in-us-airstrike-in-syria-officials-say. Al-Fadhli was a longtime al-Qaeda operative. In 2001, al-Fadhli was allegedly one of the few al-Qaeda members given advance notice of the 9/11 attacks.“Rewards for Justice - Al-Qaida Reward Offers,” U.S. Department of State, May 18, 2012, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2012/10/199299.htm.

In 2002, he was implicated in an al-Qaeda attack that killed one U.S. Marine in Kuwait.“Narrative Summaries of Reasons for Listing: QI.Q.184.05. Muhsin al-Fadhil Ayed Ashour al-Fadhli,” UN Security Council Committee, January 24, 2011, http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/NSQI18405E.shtml. Al-Fadhli also reportedly financed an attack aimed at a French oil tanker in Yemen,“Narrative Summaries of Reasons for Listing: QI.Q.184.05. Muhsin al-Fadhil Ayed Ashour al-Fadhli,” UN Security Council Committee, January 24, 2011, http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/NSQI18405E.shtml. which killed one crew member.“Narrative Summaries of Reasons for Listing: QI.Q.184.05. Muhsin al-Fadhil Ayed Ashour al-Fadhli,” UN Security Council Committee, January 24, 2011, http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/NSQI18405E.shtml.

Since the attacks in October 2002, al-Fadhli continued to work with al-Qaeda, inheriting the leadership position for al-Qaeda’s Iran-based network in 2011.“Information that Brings to Justice…” U.S. Department of State’s Rewards for Justice, http://www.rewardsforjustice.net/english/yasin_al_suri.html. According to a U.S. official from the Treasury department, the network “served as a financial conduit, collecting funds from donors throughout the Gulf and moving those funds via Iran to al-Qaeda's leadership in Afghanistan and Iraq.”Thomas Joscelyn, “Report: Senior Al Qaeda Facilitator ‘Back on the Street’ in Iran,” The Long War Journal, January 31, 2014, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/01/_as_head_al_qaeda.php.

Al-Fadhli’s responsibilities reportedly included “overseeing al-Qaeda efforts to transfer experienced operatives and leaders from Pakistan to Syria, organizing and maintaining routes by which new recruits can travel to Syria via Turkey and assisting in the movement of al-Qaeda external operatives to the West.”Thomas Joscelyn, “Report: Senior Al Qaeda Facilitator ‘Back on the Street’ in Iran,” The Long War Journal, January 31, 2014, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/01/_as_head_al_qaeda.php. According to the U.S. Treasury Department, in addition to moving “fighters and money through Turkey to support al-Qa’ida-affiliated elements in Syria,” al-Fadhli was also “leveraging his extensive network of Kuwaiti jihadist donors to send money to Syria via Turkey.”“Treasury Further Exposes Iran-Based Al-Qa’ida Network,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, October 18, 2012, http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/tg1741.aspx.

Al-Fadhli relocated to Syria in 2013.“Wanted Kuwaiti Terrorist Recruits, Trains Western Jihadists: al-Fadhli in Syria with Qaeda Nusra,” March 21, 2014, http://www.arabtimesonline.com/NewsDetails/tabid/96/smid/414/ArticleID/204625/reftab/36/t/WANTED-KUWAITI-TERRORIST-RECRUITS-TRAINS-WESTERN-JIHADISTS/Default.aspx.

Also Known As

Extremist entity
Khorasan
Type(s) of Organization:
Non-state actor, Terrorist, Transnational, Violent
Ideologies and Affiliations:
Islamist, Salafist, Jihadist, Sunni
Position(s):
Leader (deceased)

  • Designations

United States

  • On February 15, 2005, the U.S. Department of the Treasury designated al-Fadhli as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (under Executive Order 13224), which blocks all property in U.S. or under possession of control of U.S. persons; bans any property-related transactions by U.S. persons or within U.S., including giving or receiving contributions to the entity.“Recent OFAC Actions,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, February 15, 2005, http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/OFAC-Enforcement/pages/20050215.aspx.

Israel

  • On October 6, 2001, Israel designated al-Fadhli as a Declared Individual under Article 2 of the Prohibition of Financing Terrorism.נספחים - רשימות הארגונים והיחידים שהוכרזו כפעילי טרור,” Prime Minister’s Office, accessed October 7, 2014, http://www.pmo.gov.il/Secretary/GovDecisions/2013/Documents/des124B.doc.

United Nations

  • On February 17, 2005, the United Nations designated al-Fadhli as an Individual associated with Al Qaida.“The Al-Qaida Sanctions List,” United Nations, last modified September 23, 2014, http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/AQList.htm.

Saudi Arabia

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So you go to India, and if you see a Hindu walking down the road you are allowed to kill him and take his money, is that clear? Jews should be killed ... as by Hitler. People with British passports, if you fly into Israel, it is easy. Fly into Israel and do whatever you can. If you die, you are up in paradise. How do you fight a Jew? You kill a Jew. In the case of Hindus, by bombing their businesses.

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