For years, videotapes and audio recordings released by Osama Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri have been gold mines of information about al-Qaeda for Western media outlets. As the manhunt for Bin Laden unfolded after the September 11 attacks, al-Qaeda’s tapes served to update the media on the status of key leaders, the group’s reaction to certain events, and plans for future operations.
In June 2002, the New York Times reported on an al-Qaeda audio tape, broadcast by Al Jazeera, which claimed responsibility for a synagogue bombing in Tunisia and “dismissed reports that Mr. bin Laden and his main lieutenant, Ayman al-Zawahiri, had been killed or wounded during the American-led assault on the Tora Bora area of Afghanistan.”
In March 2004, Al Jazeera broadcast an audio recording of al-Zawahiri just days after Pakistan thought it was closing in on his location along the Afghanistan border. The Guardian noted that, while the voice had not been authenticated as al-Zawahiri’s, “Its appearance yesterday suggested a deliberate taunting of the Pakistani government and military over their failure to capture him.”
Another video from al-Zawahiri in February 2005 criticized the U.S. for trying to spread democracy, warning that it “will end with your defeat, the killing of your sons and the destruction of your economy.” Trying to determine when al-Zawahiri recorded the message, CNN reported on his comment that it had been about three years the U.S. began detaining prisoners in the war on terrorism at Guantanamo Bay. According to CNN, “It could not be determine when or where the Ayman al-Zawahiri tape was recorded, but…The United States did move Taliban detainees early in 2002 from Afghanistan to [Guantanamo Bay], where there have been allegations that some of them were tortured.”
In April 2008, another audio message from al-Zawahiri suggested to media outlets that al-Qaeda may have been changing its tactics and public relations strategy. According to the Christian Science Monitor, the fact that al-Zawahiri answered critical questions from users on al-Qaeda internet forums “suggested that dissent among its supporters may be forcing Al Qaeda to change tactics…” Another signal that the group was changing tactics was al-Zawahiri’s denials about targeting innocent civilians. When a web user asked him who was killing innocent people in “Baghdad, Morocco, and Algeria,” al-Zawahiri responded that, “If there is any innocent who was killed in the Mujahideen’s operations, then it was either an unintentional error or out of necessity.”
In August 2011, months after Osama Bin Laden was killed, a video message from al-Zawahiri telling his followers to, “Hunt [America] down wherever you may encounter her,” prompted ABC News to wonder if the tape was intended as a 9/11 message.
Finally, CNN described an April 2014 video released by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula as “unsettling” after it showed deputy emir Nasir al-Wuhayshi being greeted by followers. The report warned that the U.S. has “good reason to worry,” because as Peter Bergen noted, “The main problem about this group is that it has a bomb maker who can put bombs on to planes that can’t be detected.”
On August 19, 2021, at least three people were killed and 50 were injured when a roadside bomb struck a Shiite procession marking the 7th century death of Prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussein, a Shiite saint. Sunni extremists were suspected in the explosion in Bahawalnagar, Punjab province, Pakistan.