Osama bin Laden, Founder of Al-Qaeda, Date Undetermined

Osama Bin Laden

“Cooperation with the West against what they call Islamic extremism [or ‘fundamentalism,’ ‘radicalism’], whether it’s performed by one word, or a declaration, or any other manner, either directly or indirectly, is apostasy from the religion of Allah Most High… whoever refuses the principle of terror[ism] against the enemy also refuses the commandment of Allah the Exalted, the Most High, and His sharia.”Raymond Ibrahim, trans., The Al-Qaeda Reader (New York: Doubleday, 2007), 54.

Osama bin Laden