During the 2011 revolution that toppled Egypt’s Mubarak regime, Western media found they had to explain the Muslim Brotherhood to audiences unfamiliar with the group. This created an opportunity for the Brotherhood to spin its introduction to the Western public, as Brotherhood senior official Mohammed Morsi did in an op-ed in London’s Guardian newspaper in February 2011, days before Mubarak’s fall from power. The Brotherhood is “at the heart of Egyptian society,” Morsi wrote. Speaking directly to Western readers, Morsi listed the Mubarak government’s crimes against the Brotherhood, painting the organization as another victim of the repressive regime, “constantly targeted by some of the most brutal government measures.” The Brotherhood, according to Morsi, aims “to remove all forms of injustice, tyranny, autocracy and dictatorship, and we call for the implementation of a democratic multiparty all-inclusive political system that excludes no one.” Intentionally or not, the Guardian gave the Brotherhood a platform to appeal to international audiences.
On February 26, 2015, a Boko Haram suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a market in Biu, Nigeria, killing 19 people and injuring 20 others. A second attempted-suicide bomber was caught and beaten by a crowd before he was able to carry out his attack.