IntroductionTansiqiyat al-Jihad was formed in early 2020 by a veteran rebel commander named Abu al-Abd Ashidaa who had formed a group in 2012 called the Ashida Battalion.*Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, “Interview with Abu al-Abd Ashidaa,” Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi’s Blog, April 15, 2020, https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/04/interview-with-abu-al-abd-ashidaa.x The Ashida Battalion first fought within Suqour al-Sham, then joined Ahrar al-Sham from 2013 until 2016, before joining Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) in 2017.*Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, “Interview with Abu al-Abd Ashidaa,” Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi’s Blog, April 15, 2020, https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/04/interview-with-abu-al-abd-ashidaa.x HTS arrested Abu al-Abd Ashidaa in September 2019, dissolving his group, before releasing him in early 2020 amid rapid regime advances in northwest Syria. *Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, “Interview with Abu al-Abd Ashidaa,” Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi’s Blog, April 15, 2020, https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/04/interview-with-abu-al-abd-ashidaa.x Upon his release, Ashidaa formed Tansiqiyat al-Jihad and was a founding member of Hurras al-Din (HaD)’s new “So be Steadfast” operations room in June 2020.*Aaron Zelin, “Recent developments in Syria indicate that the jihadi movement is splitting once again, as a prominent ideologue begins to form a third pole at odds with both al-Qaeda and the Islamic State,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 9, 2020, https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/living-long-enough-see-yourself-become-villain-case-abu-muhammad-al-maqdisi; Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, “Interview with Abu al-Abd Ashidaa,” Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi’s Blog, April 15, 2020, https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/04/interview-with-abu-al-abd-ashidaa. x However, in the subsequent fighting between HaD and HTS later that year, HTS dismantled Tansiqiyat and the group no longer exists in any meaningful way.*“Containing Transnational Jihadists in Syria’s North West,” International Crisis Group, March 7, 2023, 8, https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/east-mediterranean-mena/syria/239-containing-transnational-jihadists-syrias.x
LeadershipAbu al-Abd Ashidaa, aka Abd al-Mu’in Kahhal (leader)*Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, “New Jihadist Operations Room in Northwest Syria: ‘So Be Steadfast,’” Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi’s Blog, June 12, 2020, https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/06/new-jihadist-operations-room-in-nwsyria-so-be.x
Base of OperationsIdlib
Membership Size and RelevanceN/A
Recruitment and PropagandaN/A
Violent ActivitiesTansiqiyat al-Jihad was formed after the March 2020 ceasefire in northwest Syria, and therefore has not participated in any major violent activities.
- May 2021: Tansiqiyat al-Jihad releases a statement urging more information sharing on weapons and military tactics among international jihadist groups around the world, as well as calling on groups to continue fighting against “Jews.”*“Al-Qaeda-aligned Syrian Jihadi Group Tansiqiyat Al-Jihad Calls On Jihadi Groups To Exchange Military And Technological Knowledge, Fight Against All Jews,” MEMRI, May 20, 2021, https://www.memri.org/jttm/al-qaeda-aligned-syrian-jihadi-group-tansiqiyat-al-jihad-calls-jihadi-groups-exchange-military.x
Extremists: Their Words. Their Actions.
On October 27, 2018, domestic terrorist Robert D. Bowers carried out an anti-Semitic attack at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh. He fired on congregants as they gathered for worship, killing 11 people and wounding six others.
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