Ahmad Musa Jibril is an Arab-American Islamist preacher who has reportedly influenced Westerners to fight in the Syrian conflict.*Joseph A. Carter, Shiraz Maher, and Peter R. Neumann, “#Greenbirds: Measuring Importance and Influence in Syrian Foreign Fighter Networks,” International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation, April 2014, 8, http://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ICSR-Report-Greenbirds-Measuring-Importance-and-Infleunce-in-Syrian-Foreign-Fighter-Networks.pdf.x A 2014 report by the London-based International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) named Jibril as one of the most influential religious figures among foreign fighters in Syria.*Joseph A. Carter, Shiraz Maher, and Peter R. Neumann, “#Greenbirds: Measuring Importance and Influence in Syrian Foreign Fighter Networks,” International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence, April 22, 2014, https://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ICSR-Report-Greenbirds-Measuring-Importance-and-Influence-in-Syrian-Foreign-Fighter-Networks.pdf. x Jibril “encouraged his students to spread Islam by the sword, to wage a holy war, to hate and kill non-Muslims,” according to his 2005 U.S. sentencing memo on fraud charges.*United States District Court Eastern District of Michigan Southern Division, “Government’s Supplemental Sentencing Memorandum,” No. 03-80810, April 25, 2005; available at https://web.archive.org/web/20071029194740/http://nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/FeaturedDocs/U.S._v_Jebril_USGSuppSentMemo.pdf. x
From his home in Michigan, Jibril’s online lectures and tweets advocated a Salafist version of Islam that praised jihad, although he has been careful not to specifically call upon his followers to join jihadi groups. The 2014 ICSR report found that Jibril “adopts the role of a cheerleader: supporting the principles of armed opposition to Assad.” Jibril spent almost seven years in prison on bank fraud, mail fraud, money laundering, and related charges before he was released on probation in 2012. A federal judge restricted Jibril’s Internet and social media access in June 2014 after Jibril violated his probation. The restrictions, however, expired in March 2015.* Mark Hosenball and Alistair Bell, “U.S. online ban of militant Muslim preacher ends,” Reuters, April 7, 2015, http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/07/us-usa-religion-imam-idUSKBN0MY2CP20150407; Niraj Warikoo, “Dearborn cleric cited as most inspirational leader for militants from West in Syria,” Detroit Free Press, May 5, 2014, http://www.freep.com/article/20140505/NEWS06/305050015/Dearborn-cleric-Syria. x
Though the number of foreign fighters traveling to Iraq and Syria has decreased since the ICSR’s 2014 study, Jibril’s message continues to resonate with extremists. His lectures remain freely available on Twitter, YouTube, and other social media platforms. Despite Jibril’s publicized role in radicalizing ISIS fighters, YouTube shockingly declared in June 2017 that his content does not violate the company’s terms of service.*Niraj Warikoo, “YouTube: Videos of controversial Dearborn cleric don't violate our guidelines,” Detroit Free Press, June 7, 2017, https://www.freep.com/story/news/2017/06/08/you-tube-videos-dearborn-preacher-dont-violate-our-guidelines-ahmad-musa-jebril/376680001/. x That same month, Khuram Shazad Butt, Rachid Redouane, and Youssef Zaghba killed eight people and wounded almost 50 more in a terror attack on the London Bridge. Butt reportedly radicalized watching Jibril’s videos online.*Kim Sengupta and Lizzie Dearden, “London attack: Terrorist ringleader Khuram Butt was known to police before rampage, Scotland Yard confirms,” Independent (London), June 5, 2017, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/london-attack-khuram-butt-terrorist-known-police-before-stabbing-confirmed-a7774576.html. x
Jibril had not returned to his digital pulpit as of February 2019, but his Twitter feed, video lectures, and writings remain online. His Twitter account still includes more than 38,000 followers as of February 15, 2019. More than 236,000 people follow his Facebook account. And his YouTube account has more than 18,000 subscribers and has received more than 1 million views. CEP has found multiple social media accounts created by Jibril’s self-proclaimed students who continue to spread his interpretations of Islam by retweeting and linking to his past statements and videos.