Overview

Also Known As:

  • Al MansooreenCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Al MansoorianCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Army of Madinah“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Army of the PureCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Army of the Pure and RighteousCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Army of the RighteousCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Deccan Mujahideen“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation (FIF)“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Idara Khidmat-e-Khalq“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Islamic Jammat ud Dawa“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Jamaat ud-DawaCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Lashkar e-TayyibaJayshree Bajoria, “Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (aka Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Council on Foreign Relations, last modified January 14, 2010, http://www.cfr.org/pakistan/lashkar-e-taiba-army-pure-aka-lashkar-e-tayyiba-lashkar-e-toiba-lashkar--taiba/p17882.
  • Lashkar-e-ToibaCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Lashkar-i-TaibaCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • LT“Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT),” National Counterterrorism Center Counterterrorism 2014 Calendar, accessed July 3, 2015, http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/let.html.
  • Movement for the Safeguarding of the First Center of Prayer“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.
  • Paasban-e-Ahle-HadisCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Paasban-e-KashmirCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Paasban-i-Ahle-HadithCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Pasban-e-Ahle-HadithCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Pasban-e-KashmirCarlos Ortiz, Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), 181.
  • Tehreek-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awal“Lashar-e-Taiba (LeT),” Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), accessed April 13, 2015, http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/lashkar-e-taiba-let.

Executive Summary:

Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), meaning “Army of the Righteous,”“Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT),” National Counterterrorism Center Counterterrorism 2014 Calendar, accessed July 3, 2015, http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/let.html. is one of Pakistan’s largest militant Islamist organizations.Jayshree Bajoria, “Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (aka Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Council on Foreign Relations, last modified January 14, 2010, http://www.cfr.org/pakistan/lashkar-e-taiba-army-pure-aka-lashkar-e-tayyiba-lashkar-e-toiba-lashkar--taiba/p17882. LeT and its predecessor, Markaz Dawa-wa’l-Irshad (the Center for Call and Guidance), have played a central role in indoctrinating, recruiting, and training thousands of jihadists in Pakistan since the 1980s.Jayshree Bajoria, “Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (aka Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Council on Foreign Relations, last modified January 14, 2010, http://www.cfr.org/pakistan/lashkar-e-taiba-army-pure-aka-lashkar-e-tayyiba-lashkar-e-toiba-lashkar--taiba/p17882. LeT is believed to be the only Islamist militant group in Pakistan to have expanded since 9/11.Jayshree Bajoria, “Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (aka Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Council on Foreign Relations, last modified January 14, 2010, http://www.cfr.org/pakistan/lashkar-e-taiba-army-pure-aka-lashkar-e-tayyiba-lashkar-e-toiba-lashkar--taiba/p17882.

Originally supported by the Pakistani government, LeT has instigated terrorist attacks in Kashmir and collaborated with other militant groups, such as the Taliban and al-Qaeda. The group began operating under the name Lashkar-e-Taiba in 1990.V.S. Subrahmanian et al., Indian Mujahideen: Computational Analysis and Public Policy (Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2013), 4.

After the 9/11 attacks in 2001, the group expanded its targets to include the U.S.-led coalition forces in Afghanistan. Pakistan banned LeT in 2002 due to international pressure.V.S. Subrahmanian et al., Indian Mujahideen: Computational Analysis and Public Policy (Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2013), 25. Despite the ban, LeT continues its terrorist operations in the region. The group also provides social services throughout Pakistan via charitable fronts, most prominently Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD).“‘Banned’ Jamaatud Dawa thrives in Pakistan,” Dawn (Karachi), February 20, 2015, http://www.dawn.com/news/1162698/banned-jamaatud-dawa-thrives-in-pakistan. Some analysts note that Pakistan’s failure to enforce the ban on LeT is intentional since the government benefits from the militant group’s anti-Indian activity.Jayshree Bajoria, “Profile: Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (a.k.a. Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Washington Post, December 5, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/12/05/AR2008120501582.html. LeT is believed to have committed terrorist attacks in Indian-controlled parts of Kashmir with the support of Pakistani intelligence.Jayshree Bajoria, “Profile: Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure) (a.k.a. Lashkar e-Tayyiba, Lashkar e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Taiba),” Washington Post, December 5, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/12/05/AR2008120501582.html.

Internationally, LeT is known primarily for committing the 2008 Mumbai attacks, in which 166 people were killed in shootings at multiple locations, including in the city’s Taj Hotel.“China foils India’s UN attempt for action against Pakistan,” Nation (Lahore, Pakistan), June 24, 2015, http://nation.com.pk/international/24-Jun-2015/china-foils-india-s-un-attempt-for-action-against-pakistan. India charged LeT founder Hafiz Muhammad Saeed and two of his organizations, LeT and JuD, accusing the two of being “virtually interchangeable” and able “to mobilize and orchestrate terrorist activities” readily through JuD’s approximately “2,500 offices and 11 seminaries” across Pakistan.Neil MacFarquhar, “India Wants Pakistani Group Added to U.N.’s Terrorism List,” New York Times, December 9, 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/10/world/10nations.html?_r=0.

Pakistan arrested LeT leader and commander Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi for his involvement in the incident, but Lakhvi was released on bail on April 10, 2015, raising concern that the Pakistani high court’s action will increase tension between Pakistan and India.Salman Masood and Declan Walsh, “Pakistani Militant Leader Tied to 2008 Mumbai Attacks Is Freed on Bail,” New York Times, April 10, 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/world/asia/pakistan-militant-leader-mumbai-attacks-released-on-bail.html.

LeT aims to establish an Islamic state encompassing the “countries surrounding Pakistan,” including Kashmir, India, and central Asian states.“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” South Asian Terrorism Portal, accessed April 13, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/lashkar_e_toiba.htm. LeT’s chosen path to create this state is carrying out violent attacks in the region. The group also seeks to maintain its popular support within the global jihadist movement by sending foreign fighters to the Middle East. LeT members allegedly also formed sleeper cells to carry out or aid terrorism in Australia, Europe, and possibly the United States and have ties to other terrorist groups in Central and Southeast Asia.”Ashley J. Tellis, “The Menace That Is Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 5-6, March 2012, http://carnegieendowment.org/files/LeT_menace.pdf.

In 2005, LeT raised money purportedly to help the Kashmiri victims of a major earthquake.Neil Padukone, “The Next al-Qaeda? Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Future of Terrorism in South Asia,” World Affairs November/December 2011, http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/next-al-qaeda-lashkar-e-taiba-and-future-terrorism-south-asia. One analyst notes that such fundraising campaigns assisted LeT in becoming financially independent from Pakistani government support, as LeT diverted some of the funds for its own activities. Consequently, LeT has garnered the resources to expand its outreach and social service programs throughout Pakistan. In 2015, for example, LeT launched ambulance services in Karachi.Saba Imtiaz and Declan Walsh, “In Pakistan, a Charity Project Points to Official Tolerance of Militants,” New York Times, January 28, 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/29/world/in-pakistan-a-charity-project-points-to-official-tolerance-of-militants.html.

Doctrine:

LeT is influenced by Salafi and Wahhabi interpretations of Islam and follows the Sunni school of thought called Ahle Hadith, which advocates the supremacy of the ummah (the global Muslim community) over any democratic or secular nation-state.Stephen Tankel, “Lashkar-e-Taiba: Past Operations and Future Prospects,” New America Foundation, April 2011, http://newamerica.net/sites/newamerica.net/files/policydocs/Tankel_LeT_0.pdf. Accordingly, as the Southeast Asia Terrorism Portal reports, LeT envisions the restoration of Islamic rule under a caliphate and supports global jihad to see the “flag of Islam” raised in “Washington, Tel Aviv and New Delhi.”“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” South Asian Terrorism Portal, accessed April 13, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/lashkar_e_toiba.htm.

Unlike other Islamist groups operating in Pakistan, LeT believes that proselytizing is as strategically important as violent jihad in achieving its goals.“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” World Almanac of Islamism, October 2, 2013, last modified October 2, 2013, http://almanac.afpc.org/lashkar-e-taiba.

Organizational Structure:

LeT’s group’s main operations, such as finance, are governed by committees.“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Mapping Militant Organizations, accessed June 11, 2015, http://web.stanford.edu/group/mappingmilitants/cgi-bin/groups/view/79. LeT’s emir, Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, leads 74 district commanders throughout Pakistan.“The Two Faces of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Asharq-al-Awsat (London), December 6, 2008, http://www.aawsat.net/2008/12/article55256731/the-two-faces-of-lashkar-e-taiba. Saeed has repeatedly stated that he is no longer affiliated with LeT, and only acts as the leader of social services provider JuD.Saba Imtiaz and Declan Walsh, “In Pakistan, a Charity Project Points to Official Tolerance of Militants,” New York Times, January 28, 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/29/world/in-pakistan-a-charity-project-points-to-official-tolerance-of-militants.html. However, the United Nations declared JuD and another organization, the Falah-i-Insaniyat Foundation, to be front groups for LeT in December 2008.“Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT),” National Counterterrorism Center Counterterrorism 2014 Calendar, accessed July 3, 2015, http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/let.html. Both groups continue to provide social services in Pakistan despite their U.N. designation as LeT fronts.Jon Boone, “‘They call him an infidel’: Pakistan's humble founder of a charity empire,” Guardian (London), April 1, 2015, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/01/pakistan-charity-abdul-sattar-edhi-foundation-karachi.

LeT’s headquarters in Muridke, Punjab are reportedly self-sustaining.Ashley J. Tellis, “The Menace That Is Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2012, http://carnegieendowment.org/files/LeT_menace.pdf. The commune provides housing for its scholars and faculty, as well as schools and medical services. The group even owns a fish farm and agricultural tracts.”Long War Journal, June 8, 2014, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/06/afghanistan_accuses_lashkar-e.php. According to the Southeast Asia Terrorism Portal, LeT civil operations on a national scale include “16 Islamic institutions, 135 secondary schools, an ambulance service, mobile clinics, blood banks, and several seminaries across Pakistan.”“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” South Asian Terrorism Portal, accessed April 13, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/lashkar_e_toiba.htm.

Financing:

LeT is funded through global charitable donations, support from the Pakistani government and foreign governments, criminal activities, and tuition payments for its schools.

Pakistan—through its Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, has provided LeT with direct cash payments and counterfeit money. The ISI has also laundered money through hawala (a trust-based money transfer system that pre-dates modern banking)Patrick M. Jost and Harjit Singh Sandhu, “The Hawala Alternative Remittance System and its Role in Money Laundering,” Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, accessed April 20, 2015, http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/terrorist-illicit-finance/Documents/FinCEN-Hawala-rpt.pdf. in support of LeT’s anti-Indian activity in Kashmir.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 11, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. Saudi Arabia and Gulf states, including Kuwait, have directly supported LeT through donations. JuD has also traveled to Saudi Arabia to solicit donations for new schools and re-directed those funds to LeT militant activity.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 12, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf.

After the 2005 Pakistani earthquake, which killed 80,000 people and left more than a million homeless, LeT diverted to its own coffers some donations intended to help the victims. Specifically, a 2006 LeT plot to bomb an airliner was funded by donations at British mosques to JuD charitable activities for the victims of the 2005 earthquake.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 12, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf.

LeT has raised funds through crime, including drug trafficking and extortion.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 13, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. This includes a surcharge of approximately 5 rupees on LeT publications to support jihad.Geoffrey Kambere et al., Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 13, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. LeT has also raised funds through the integration of counterfeit money into its legitimate currency streams and extortion of corrupt officials in the Jammu and Kashmir region.Geoffrey Kambere et al., Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 13, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. Some analysts speculate LeT could also be making significant sums of money through the narcotics trade, given the large opium harvests in the region.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 13, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf.

Examples of LeT’s diverse “legitimate” business network include fish farms, agricultural tracts and mobile clinics.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 13, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. The group also collects ushr (an Islamic land tax) from legal businesses that run on LeT land. LeT appears to be so financially successful that some analysts believe the group may start its own banking system in the future.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 14, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf.

Recruitment:

LeT is believed to have recruited between 100,000 to 300,000 Pakistani men since the group’s founding. The median age of new recruits is 17.Sebastian Rotella, “A Terror Group That Recruits From Pakistan’s ‘Best and Brightest,’” Atlantic, April 4, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/04/a-terror-group-that-recruits-from-pakistans-best-and-brightest/274682/. Recruits come primarily from Pakistan, though some join LeT from abroad.Sebastian Rotella, “A Terror Group That Recruits From Pakistan’s ‘Best and Brightest,’” Atlantic, April 4, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/04/a-terror-group-that-recruits-from-pakistans-best-and-brightest/274682/. Many LeT recruits come from educated backgrounds, in contrast with many assessments regarding the impoverished background of Islamist militants.Sebastian Rotella, “A Terror Group That Recruits From Pakistan’s ‘Best and Brightest,’” Atlantic, April 4, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/04/a-terror-group-that-recruits-from-pakistans-best-and-brightest/274682/.

Many recruits are attracted to LeT’s anti-corruption image. This is significant in Pakistan, where corruption is endemic throughout the country’s civil and political structures. For other recruits, LeT’s mission to alleviate Muslim suffering gives them a sense of purpose that they would not otherwise have.Sebastian Rotella, “A Terror Group That Recruits From Pakistan’s ‘Best and Brightest,’” Atlantic, April 4, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/04/a-terror-group-that-recruits-from-pakistans-best-and-brightest/274682/.

Many Punjabi recruits come from various districts within Pakistan, including Gujranwala, Lahore, Sialkot, Bahawalpur, and Multan.Don Rassler et al., “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 2013, [28], http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA578928. For more information on this source, including a data set and appendix, see “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 4, 2013, https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-fighters-of-lashkar-e-taiba-recruitment-training-deployment-and-death. LeT exposes prospective members to its message in social conversations at mosques and in private conversations with family and friends. LeT also spreads its message in speeches and sermons at mosques.Don Rassler et al., “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 2013, [30-31], http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA578928. For more information on this source, including a data set and appendix, see “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 4, 2013, https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-fighters-of-lashkar-e-taiba-recruitment-training-deployment-and-death. LeT’s message is able to reach a broader audience through the group’s website, as well as through print newspapers and journals. Print publications include Al-Dawa (a monthly journal), Gazwa (an Urdu weekly) and the Voice of Islam (an English monthly).“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” South Asian Terrorism Portal, accessed April 13, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/lashkar_e_toiba.htm.

Training:

LeT members are trained in southern Punjab, Pakistan’s largest province, and indoctrinated into a separatist worldview that disparages the West, Jews, and India. Up to 75 percent of new members train in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan and in Afghanistan.Don Rassler et al., “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 2013, 35, http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA578928. For more information on this source, including a data set and appendix, see “The Fighters of Lashkar-e-Taiba: Recruitment, Training, Deployment and Death,” Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, April 4, 2013, https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-fighters-of-lashkar-e-taiba-recruitment-training-deployment-and-death. Most LeT fighters train in Pakistan’s Punjab province and do so in three phases. The first phase is called Daura-e-Aama and provides basic training. The second phase is called Daura-e-Suffa and provides religious training.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Global ECCO, accessed July 10, 2015, https://globalecco.org/ctx-v1n1/lashkar-e-taiba.The third phase, Daura-e-Khasa, provides specialty training in guerilla warfare.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Combating Terrorism Exchange 1, no. 1 (2011): 35, http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Schools/GSOIS/Departments/DA/Documents/CTX%20Vol.%201%20No.%201.pdf. Other specialized training covers maritime operations, espionage, and sabotage.Geoffrey Kambere et al., “The Financing of Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Global ECCO, accessed July 10, 2015, https://globalecco.org/ctx-v1n1/lashkar-e-taiba.

Key Leaders

  • Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

    Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

    Founder and emir
  • Yahiya Mujahid | Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

    Yahiya Mujahid

    Spokesman
  • Sajid Mir | Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

    Sajid Mir

    Commander of Overseas Operations
  • Zaki-Ur-Rehman Lakhvi | Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

    Zaki-Ur-Rehman Lakhvi

    Supreme Commander of Kashmir and operational commander of LeT
  • Rahman-ur-Dakhil

    Deputy Supreme Commander
  • Abdullah Shehzad

    Chief Operations Commander, Valley
  • Nazir Ahmad Chaudhry

    Heads of intelligence arm
  • Muhammad Hussein Gill

    Chief financial officer
  • Abdul Hassan

    Central Division Commander
  • Kari Saif-Ul-Rahman

    North Division Commander

History

 

Violent Activities

Designations

Designations by U.S. Government:

December 20, 2001: The U.S. Department of the Treasury designated “Hafiz Muhammad Saeed” as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT).“Individuals and Entities Designated by the State Department under E.O. 13224,” U.S. Department of State, December 20, 2001, http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/143210.htm.December 26, 2001: The U.S. Department of the Treasury designated “Lashkar-e-Taiba” as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO).“Foreign Terrorist Organizations,” U.S. Department of State, December 26, 2001, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/195768.pdf.
April 28, 2006: The U.S. Department of the Treasury designated “Jamaat-ud-Dawa” and “Idara Khidmat-e-Khalq” (IKK) as aliases for LeT on the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list.“Addition of Aliases Jamaat-Ud-Dawa and Idara Khidmat-E-Khalq to the Specially Designated Global Terrorist Designation of Lashkhar-E-Tayyiba,” U.S. Department of State, April 28, 2006, http://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2006/65401.htm.November 24, 2010: The U.S. Department of the Treasury designated “Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation” (FIF) as LeT-affiliated charitable front under the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO).“Secretary of State’s Terrorist Designation of Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation,” U.S. Department of State, November 24, 2010, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2010/11/151931.htm.

Designations by Foreign Governments/Orgainzations:

 
European Union
October 9, 2014: The European Union added “Abd Al-Rahman Muhammad Mustafa Al-Qaduli” to the Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee’s list.“Notice for the attention of Ahmed Abdullah Saleh Al-Khazmari Al-Zahrani, Azzam Abdullah Zureik Al-Maulid Al-Subhi, Anders Cameroon Ostensvig Dale, Ibrahim Suleiman Hamad Al-Hablain, Seifallah Ben Hassine, ‘Abd Al-Rahman Bin ‘Umayr Al-Nu’aymi, ‘Abd Al-Rahman Khalaf ‘Ubayd Juday’ Al-‘Anizi, Anas Hasan Khattab, Maysar Ali Musa Abdallah Al-Juburi, Shafi Sultan Mohammed Al-Ajmi, ‘Abd Al-Rahman Muhammad Mustafa Al-Qaduli, Emilie Konig, Kevin Guiavarch, Oumar Diaby, Ansar Al-Shari’a in Tunisia (ASS-T) and Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB) which were added to the list referred to in Articles 2, 3 and 7 of Council Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with the Al-Qaida network, by virtue of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1058/2014,” EUR-Lex, September 10, 2014, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52014XC1009(02).
Pakistan
2002: Pakistan banned Lashkar–e-Taiba as a terrorist group.“Lashkar-e-Taiba,” South Asian Terrorism Portal, accessed April 13, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/jandk/terrorist_outfits/lashkar_e_toiba.htm.
United Nations
May 2005: The U.N. Security Council listed “Lashkar-e-Taiba” as a “Banned Foreign Terrorist Organization” under U.N. Security Council Resolution 1267.“U.N.: Lashkar-e-Taiba Banned,” Stratfor Global Intelligence Analysis, May 6, 2005, https://www.stratfor.com/analysis/un-lashkar-e-taiba-banned.

December 10, 2008: The U.N. Security Council added “Hafiz Muhammad Saeed” to its al-Qaeda sanctions list under U.N. Security Council Resolution 1267.“Rewards for Justice - Lashkar-e-Tayyiba Leaders Reward Offers,” U.S. Department of State, April 3, 2012, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2012/04/187342.htm.

Associations

Ties to Other Designated Entities:

Al-Qaeda

LeT has had long-standing relationships with al-Qaeda members since the 1980s. In August 1998, LeT fighters were killed when training camps run by Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan were hit by U.S. cruise missiles.Protecting the Homeland against Mumbai-Style Attacks and the Threat from Lashkar-e-Taiba, Before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, 113th Cong. (2013) (statement of Jonah Blank, Senior Political Analyst, RAND Corporation), http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130612/100964/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-BlankJ-20130612.pdf. After 9/11, LeT provided safe havens to al-Qaeda militants, including senior AQ member Abu Zubaydah. Abu Zubaydah was eventually captured by the Pakistani government in 2002.Gerry J. Gilmore, “Rumsfeld Confirms Capture of Senior Al Qaeda Leader,” Department of Defense News, April 2, 2002, http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=44203. LeT member David Headley, conspired with AQ operative Ilyas Kashmiri in 2009 to plan attacks on a Danish newspapers and other targets in Copenhagen.Protecting the Homeland against Mumbai-Style Attacks and the Threat from Lashkar-e-Taiba, Before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, 113th Cong. [3] (2013) (statement of Jonah Blank, Senior Political Analyst, RAND Corporation), http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130612/100964/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-BlankJ-20130612.pdf. Like the Afghan Taliban, al-Qaeda reportedly learned some of its outreach and media techniques from LeT.Neil Padukone, “The Next al-Qaeda? Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Future of Terrorism in South Asia,” World Affairs November/December 2011, http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/next-al-qaeda-lashkar-e-taiba-and-future-terrorism-south-asia.

Taliban

In the 1980s, LeT leaders built strong relationships with jihadists in the Afghan Taliban. Over the years, the Afghan Taliban reportedly learned some of its outreach and media techniques from LeT.Neil Padukone, “The Next al-Qaeda? Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Future of Terrorism in South Asia,” World Affairs November/December 2011, http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/next-al-qaeda-lashkar-e-taiba-and-future-terrorism-south-asia. After 9/11, LeT provided safe haven to jihadists from the Afghan Taliban in Pakistan.Protecting the Homeland against Mumbai-Style Attacks and the Threat from Lashkar-e-Taiba, Before the House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, 113th Cong. [2] (2013) (statement of Jonah Blank, Senior Political Analyst, RAND Corporation), http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130612/100964/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-BlankJ-20130612.pdf.

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

LeT is reportedly well-networked with Islamist groups in Central Asia, such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.Ashley J. Tellis, “The Menace That Is Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2012, http://carnegieendowment.org/files/LeT_menace.pdf.

Islamist Groups in South Asia

LeT has executed multiple attacks over the years in India and Sri Lanka through direct action as well as through coordinated attacks with local Islamist groups in India and Sri Lanka.Ashley J. Tellis, “The Menace That Is Lashkar-e-Taiba,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2012, http://carnegieendowment.org/files/LeT_menace.pdf.

Media Coverage

Rhetoric

View All

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

“Osama bin Laden was a great person who awakened the Muslim world….. Martyrdoms are not losses, but are a matter of pride for Muslims,” Saeed proclaimed. Bill Roggio, “We do jihad,’ says Lashkar-e-Taiba emir Hafiz Saeed,” The Long War Journal, April 7th, 2012, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/04/we_do_jihad_lashkar.php.

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

“This is the same jihad which caused the USSR to break [in Afghanistan] and now America is failing because of it. Analysts and journalists don’t realize why America is failing, the only reason is jihad,” he continued.Bill Roggio, “We do jihad,’ says Lashkar-e-Taiba emir Hafiz Saeed,” The Long War Journal, April 7th, 2012, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/04/we_do_jihad_lashkar.php.

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

“Come to us,” Saeed said, calling on Muslims to join Lashkar-e-Taiba. “We will teach you the meaning of jihad…. The time to fight has come.” Bill Roggio, “We do jihad,’ says Lashkar-e-Taiba emir Hafiz Saeed,” The Long War Journal, April 7th, 2012, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/04/we_do_jihad_lashkar.php.

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

There are many parties in Pakistan, but America has only sent a message to Jamaat-ud-Dawa, because we do jihad,” Saeed said. “They [US] are even scared of my name.” Bill Roggio, “We do jihad,’ says Lashkar-e-Taiba emir Hafiz Saeed,” The Long War Journal, April 7th, 2012, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/04/we_do_jihad_lashkar.php.

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

"I want to tell America we will continue our peaceful struggle," said Saeed. "Life and death is in the hands of God, not in the hands of America." Sebastian Abbot, Munir Ahmed, “Hafiz Mohammed Saeed, Pakistani Militant Leader, Mocks U.S. Bounty,” Associated Press, April 4, 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/04/hafiz-mohammed-saeed-mocks-bounty_n_1402389.html.

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed

"There cannot be any peace while India remains intact. Cut them, cut them so much that they kneel before you and ask for mercy.” Arundhati Roy, “The Monster in the Mirror,” The Guardian, December 12, 2008, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/dec/12/mumbai-arundhati-roy.

Muhammad Hafiz Saeed, LeT founder and leader, April 2012

“I want to tell America we will continue our peaceful struggle. Life and death is in the hands of God, not in the hands of America.”Sebastian Abbot and Munir Ahmed, “Hafiz Mohammed Saeed, Pakistani Militant Leader, Mocks U.S. Bounty,” Associated Press, April 4, 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/04/hafiz-mohammed-saeed-mocks-bounty_n_1402389.html.

Muhammad Hafiz Saeed, LeT founder and leader, April 2012

“There are many parties in Pakistan, but America has only sent a message to Jamaat-ud-Dawa, because we do jihad. They [the United States] are even scared of my name.”Bill Roggio, “‘We Do Jihad,’ Says Lashkar-e-Taiba Emir Hafiz Saeed,” Long War Journal, April 7, 2012, http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/04/we_do_jihad_lashkar.php.

Pages

Pages

  • Page
  • 1
  • of 3

Pages